Fardhu and Sunnah prayers

Differentiating between the act and the Sunnah Prayers fardhu

All the things that have been mentioned this senelum include things that fardhu (required), Sunnah (recommended), adab and O-at (the perfection of form.) People who want to cross the road afterlife (safely and correctly) should watch it all.

The pillars of prayer (prayer fardhu)

1. Intention
2. Takbir
3. Stand
4. Reading Al-Fatihah
5. Down in ruku ', so that the palms mengentuh two knees.
6. Bertuma'ninah at the time of bowing and sujud.Tumakninah is paused so that the whole body becomes calm and steady before the next movement.
7. I'tidal (upright again after ruku ')
8. Prostration (with tuma'ninah)
9. Sit back after prostration
10. Sitting for tasyahud end.
11. Reading salawat to the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.
12. Greeting the first.

The intention out of the prayer (at that time has been completed), it is not mandatory. Similarly everything, other than those mentioned above, are not obliged to do, but just a sunnah and O-at.

Things disunnahkan

It said voluntary or sunnah, kerana he good to work like the example given by the Messenger of Allah If it was not done (no obstruction or intentionally left out), then there will be a sinner or cancel solatnya.

a. Sunnah-sunnah in the form of action or movement

1. Raised both hands when Takbiratul Ihram

2. Folding both hands to the chest by placing your right hand above the left when standing read Al Fatihah.

3. When moving to bowing, and

4 When standing back after ruku.

5. Putting both hands on both knees while bowing.

6. Sitting for the first tasyahud.

The details of how to open the fingers and lifting the limit, all of it including the hi-at (perfection Bentu) is concerned with the sunnah, namely during takbiratul ihram, bowing and i'tidal. Similarly, I sat in the first and last tasyahud (as has been described before this) is the O-at, associated with sitting in prayer. Bowed his head and did not look right to the left, including hi-at, associated with fardhu standing in prayer. But seated rest (between the two prostrations), according to Al Gazhali in the book "Rahsia-rahsia prayer" which became a reference of this writing, does not belong to the main points of the sunnah prayers and deeds. For, sitting rest was just a kind of complement in the move from prostration to the stand. Kerana it, is not mentioned specifically in the principal points of the Sunnah.

b. Sunnah-sunnah in the form of readings and prayers

1. Reading Prayer Iftitah (Namely prayer after takbiratul ihram, before reading the Al-Fatihah).

2. Reading Ta'awwudz (a'uudu billaahi minasy syaithaanir rajeem, before reading the Al Fatihah).

3.Mengucapkan Amiin finished reading Al-Fatihah.

4. Read surah-surah or verses from the Qur'an after Al Fatihah. In addition, the hardened Al-Fatihah and reading the verses or surah-surah in the first and second cycles in the Maghrib prayer, Isha, Fajr and prayer on Friday (including circumcision muakkad) is also a sunnah.

5. Saying Takbir Takbir-transfer (from one pillar to pillar pray another prayer.) That is "Allahu Akbar" when will move movement or attitude in prayer, except when getting up from bowing,.

6. Reading the prayer beads in bowing and prostration, and prayers i'tidal of bowing and prostration.

7. Tasyahud read first.

8. Reading salawat to the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. the first tasyahud.

9. Reading the prayer after the final tasyahud

10. Reading salawat tahiyyat Ibrahimiyah at the end. Ie

11. Hail to the second.

Prostration for forgetfulness

All of the above, although collected into the term "sunna", however, each has a level berbeza, considering four of them, if not done kerana forget, may be replaced with the prostration for forgetfulness. Prostration prostrations for forgetfulness means kerana forgotten sunnah or doing something other wrong thing accidentally. For example tahiyyat do not forget the beginning, forget to read the paragraph or letter on the first or second cycles, forget about the number of prayers and so forth. According to Al Gazhali, four things can be replaced by performing the prostration for forgetfulness is one of them, including deeds and other three including readings.

Which includes acts is seated (after two prostrations in the second rak Dhuhr prayers, Asar, Maghrib and Isha ') to read tasyahud. Sitting like this affects the composition of prayers for anyone who witnessed it. Because, with it, it is known whether these prayers ruba'iyyah (consisting of four cycles) or not. Unlike the Sunnah raise their hands when the Takbir, for example, because it did not affect the order of prayer. That is why, this sunnah (ie, seated for the first tasyahud) called ba'dh (single word of ab'adh) which means to part. If someone does not do ab'adh, highly recommended by him to replace it with a prostration for forgetfulness.

The readings in the Sunnah prayers, all is not replaced by prostration for forgetfulness, but three (ie which includes ab'adh):

1. Qunut
2. Reading the first tasyahud
3. Salawat to the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. the first tasyahud.

Not included in it-Takbir Takbir displacement (of one bowing bowing to another), the readings in the bowing, prostration and i'tidal of both. This is due to bowing and prostration is a movement that has a distinctive shape, in contrast to ordinary movements. By working on it, can be obtained by means of worship, even without reading any zikr-Takbir Takbir and without displacement. Without remembrance, remembrance even then, forms of worship prayers - with the motion bowing and prostration - still will not invalid or missing. As with the seat for the first bertasyahud. He was an ordinary movement (ie, which is also done outside the prayer). But, now, deliberately extended to be filled with reading tasyahud. So, leave will cause substantial changes in the composition form of prayer.

Instead, leave the reading istiftah prayer, or sura, does not cause a change, considering that free standing pillars in the prayer has been quite filled with the reading of Al Fatihah, so it can be distinguished by regular standing. For that reason also, reading the prayer after the last tasyahud not replaced by prostration for forgetfulness.

Readings qunut was, basically, not worth being replaced with the prostration for forgetfulness, however, bowing i'tidal disyariatkannya extension, at the dawn prayer, is solely to be filled with prayer readings qunut it. So, just like sitting for tasyahud first pillar. He is an extension of the seat rest, to be filled with reading tasyahud.

How do the prostration for forgetfulness

Prostration for forgetfulness done at the end of the last cycles, that is, after tahiyyat and before the salutation. Prostrate while saying "Allaahu Akbar" and in prostration to read:

Laa Subhaanalladzi yanaamu walaa yansaa (3x)

"Most holy God who never sleeps and never forget"

When the forgotten that one of the pillars of soalat, which can not be corrected immediately, then the invalid solatnya, and solatnya to be repeated again. But when a forgotten it cycles, eg the Isha prayer are supposed to 4 cycles, only 3 cycles, then after the greeting, without interspersed with or other acts, immediately she stood up and increase the cycles that were left behind. Rak is still preceded by takbiratul ihram and ended with greetings, then you complete the prostration for forgetfulness.

When in doubt about the number of prayer cycles arise so take the number of cycles that last bit can be assured to it (for example if we forget that it is a new four cycles or three cycles, then Take that free decision is the third cycles. Then continue with prayers and add less) .

Doing forgotten prayers

If someone forgot to do the prayers, either asleep or kerana kerana other things, he must immediately do it immediately tersedar. For example, kerana overslept, so the time is up at dawn prayers. So when he woke up, immediately and pay the poor-prayer ablution subuhnya. Prayer is not making up those (paying debts), but with a real prayer. God s.w.t. will forgive kerana he forgot. Similarly, if other similar events happen by accident.

Sujud recitations

Prostration recitations can be done if someone read verses of the Qur'an and arrive at a recommended sites prostrate, either in prayer or outside prayer. In prostration is recommended reading:

Sajada wajhiya lilladzi khalaqahu wasyaqqa sam'ahu wabasharahu bihawlihi waquwwatihi.

"I prostrate to Allah who created them, providing hearing and vision with his power and strength."

When conducted outside the prostration prayer recitations, readers who are determined to do prostration verse recitation, the audience (watching) recommended follow prostrate; if they do not go bowing, it will not be sinful for him.

When the prayer in congregation and the Imam prostrated recitations, then the congregation must participate prostrate, when the congregation did not prostrate, then gugurlah position as a member of the prayer in congregation.

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